The goal of this research is to assess the factors that lead to the success of community-based conservation and research initiatives in the Baja Peninsula and Nicaragua. Model-communities with community-based conservation initiatives in Baja California, Mexico, and Caribbean Nicaragua will be examined for societal and program factors that contribute to or impede program success. These factors will be placed within the context of historical interactions between humans and sea turtles at each study-site. This analytical research will determine if successful community-based projects are discovered, designed, or resultant of specific internal and external factors. From this research and analysis, we will be able to determine the factors that contribute to the success of community-based conservation initiatives in coastal communities with a history of human-sea turtle interactions.